A precinct is a defined area that shares a single polling place. Their boundaries may change every 10 years, based on the results of the national census. New ones may spring up at any time.
When it comes to politics, Minnesota is a “grass roots” state. Every even numbered year, the major political parties hold caucuses. They represent the beginning of a new election cycle. Neighbors gather by precinct to help decide the future direction of the political party of their choice.
From caucus to caucus, agendas may differ but some things hold constant. They meet by precinct, elect precinct officers and delegates for the BPOU convention, and propose changes to the party platform in the form of resolutions.
In 2012, Olmsted county had 390 BPOU delegates representing 74 precincts. A precinct’s delegate count is a measure of its “Republicanism”. Delegate counts are based on the number of Republican votes cast in each precinct, for the candidate of highest public office in the most recent general election (usually, President or Governor).